We hear a lot about the numbers of schools that have converted to academies and we hear a lot about trust and multi-academy trusts. What I hope this blog will do is to fill in a gap and show how they fit together. I posted a few weeks ago on the different types of MATs there are around and this can be seen as a statistical follow up to that.
Whilst I have my issues with DfE re transparency it would be true to say that they have improved the situation in some areas compared to previous governments. I’m sure a lot of this is down to technological improvements making the sharing of uncontroversial data easier, but credit where credit is due.
Without the release of information relating to open academies this post would not have been possible. And its going to be a bit of a boring one I’m afraid. Mainly numbers and stuff. I’m sure it will receive a limited, but numerate readership.
Firstly, the overall stats. And please bear in mind that all these numbers are based on the 14th March, 2016 data release.
There are currently 5,170 open academies (this excludes Free Schools, Studio Schools and UTCs, as do all the stats in this post). There are a further 703 schools in the ‘pipeline’ for conversion.
This can be further broken down as follows:
|Phase of education||Converter||Sponsored||Total|
|Primary (incl. middle deemed primary)||2,006||943||2,949|
|Secondary (incl. MD secondary, all through and 16+)||1,417||590||2,007|
As percentages of all schools this is:
|Type of establishment||Primary||Secondary||Total|
So far, so exactly what’s on the summary sheet of the DfE spreadsheet.
*fires up the pivot tables*
Size of Chain
This is a complete list of all chains with 10 or more schools:
|Academies Enterprise Trust (AET)||32||29||5||66|
|REAch2 Academy Trust||50||0||0||50|
|Oasis Community Learning||27||15||3||45|
|School Partnership Trust Academies (SPTA)||28||13||2||43|
|Kemnal Academy Trust, The (TKAT)||26||15||0||41|
|David Ross Education Trust (DRET)||21||11||1||33|
|Ormiston Academies Trust||3||26||0||29|
|Greenwood Dale Foundation Trust||20||7||1||28|
|Diocese of Norwich Education Academies||25||1||0||26|
|The Elliot Foundation Academies Trust||22||0||0||22|
|Diocese of Ely||20||0||0||20|
|Diocese of Oxford||16||2||2||20|
|Enquire Learning Trust||19||0||1||20|
|Kent Catholic Schools Partnership (KCSP)||16||4||0||20|
|Northern Education Trust||10||10||0||20|
|Academy Transformation Trust (ATT)||9||9||1||19|
|Outwood Grange Academies Trust||3||14||0||17|
|Diocese of London||11||3||2||16|
|Diocese of Peterborough||16||0||0||16|
|Wakefield City Academies Trust||9||7||0||16|
|ASPIRE Academy Trust||15||0||0||15|
|CfBT Education Trust||8||7||0||15|
|Active Learning Trust (ALT)||12||2||0||14|
|Diocese of Bath and Wells Multi Academy||13||0||0||13|
|Education Central Multi Academy Trust||10||3||0||13|
|The Hamwic Trust||11||1||1||13|
|The White Horse Federation||8||2||3||13|
|University of Brighton||11||2||0||13|
|Bishop Konstant Catholic Academy Trust||10||2||0||12|
|Cabot Learning Federation||5||6||1||12|
|Creative Education Academies Trust (CEAT)||4||8||0||12|
|Diocese of Coventry||11||1||0||12|
|L.E.A.D. Multi-Academy Trust||12||0||0||12|
|Leigh Academies Trust||6||5||1||12|
|The Education Fellowship Trust||8||4||0||12|
|The Griffin Schools Trust||11||1||0||12|
|Diocese of Canterbury||10||0||1||11|
|Diocese of Exeter||9||2||0||11|
|Diocese of Leicester Academies Trust||11||0||0||11|
|Diocese of Middlesbrough||10||1||0||11|
|Nottingham RC Education Services||8||3||0||11|
|Community Academies Trust (CAT)||6||4||0||10|
|Diocese of Birmingham Education Trust||10||0||0||10|
|The Bishop Wheeler Catholic Academy Trust||9||1||0||10|
|The Primary Academies Trust||10||0||0||10|
|The Spencer Academies Trust||7||3||0||10|
|The Thinking Schools Academy Trust||6||4||0||10|
This is a total of 1,071 schools or nearly 20% of the total number of academies. Of the 54 chains in the list all but 11 include more than one phase of education. And they all include at least one primary.
NB the ‘Other’ column includes Special Schools, all-thrus and middle schools.
Also, I have emboldened the obviously faith-based trusts.
Also it is not possible to see from the spreadsheet which of these ‘sponsored’ groups are MATs or possibly some form of umbrella trust arrangement.
Number of different sized chain
If we group the chains by size we get the following:
|1 – Converters||2239|
As you can see there are sparingly few MATs with more than 20 schools. Which is a problem going forward as financial viability probably starts at somewhere near that level if any amount of central services are to be efficiently delivered.
This is a total of 727 MATs. There are 820 ‘Sponsors’ listed on the DfE sponsor contact list which suggests that there are nearly 100 (probably more by now) approved sponsors who have no schools (however see this Schools Week article). I think it would be helpful (more transparency) if the DfE produced an easy to see sponsor list with all their schools listed so we could see which sponsors had no schools.
Trusts are spread through the regions as follows:
|RSC Region||Trusts||5 or more Schs||%age|
|East Midlands & Humber||111||9||8%|
|Lancashire & West Yorkshire||110||3||3%|
|North East London & East||115||7||6%|
|North West London & South Central||102||6||6%|
|South London & South East||136||13||10%|
As you can see, someone hasn’t got a workload problem!
Also the spread of larger trusts is not the same across the regions. This is likely due to the density of schools in any given area. If size of MAT is important in their sustainability this indicates that there could be an issue going forward in the different regions and that different incentives may be needed on a regional basis to make MATs work.
There are 61 trusts with schools in more than one RSC region.
|Academies Enterprise Trust (AET)||8|
|Oasis Community Learning||7|
|Ormiston Academies Trust||5|
|CfBT Education Trust||4|
|REAch2 Academy Trust||4|
|The Aldridge Foundation||4|
|Academy Transformation Trust (ATT)||3|
|Bright Tribe Trust||3|
|City of London Corporation||3|
|Creative Education Academies Trust (CEAT)||3|
|David Ross Education Trust (DRET)||3|
|Enquire Learning Trust||3|
|Greenwood Dale Foundation Trust||3|
|NET Academies Trust (NETAT)||3|
|Northern Education Trust||3|
|Outwood Grange Academies Trust||3|
|School Partnership Trust Academies (SPTA)||3|
|The Collaborative Academies Trust||3|
|The Elliot Foundation Academies Trust||3|
|The Griffin Schools Trust||3|
|Woodard Academies Trust||3|
|Aspirations Academies Trust (AAT)||2|
|Brooke Weston Trust||2|
|Cambridge Meridian Academies Trust (CMAT)||2|
|Diocese of London||2|
|Diocese of Peterborough||2|
|Ebor Academy Trust||2|
|Emmanuel Schools Foundation||2|
|Holy Family Catholic Trust||2|
|Kemnal Academy Trust, The (TKAT)||2|
|Landau Forte Charitable Trust||2|
|Learning Schools Trust||2|
|Mercers Company, The||2|
|Northern House School Academy Trust||2|
|Orchard Hill College||2|
|Portsmouth & Winchester Diocesan Academies||2|
|The Adelaide Academy Trust||2|
|The Bishop Wheeler Catholic Academy Trust||2|
|The Central Learning Partnership Trust||2|
|The Co-operative Group||2|
|The Education Fellowship Trust||2|
|The Haberdashers’ Livery Company||2|
|The Heath Family Trust||2|
|The Midland Academies Trust||2|
|The Quay School (PRU)||2|
|The Skinners’ Company||2|
|Tudor Grange Academies Trust||2|
|Wakefield City Academies Trust||2|
|Wellspring Academy Trust||2|
I have to say that this was more than I expected and is another fly in the ointment when it comes to managing these schools. Whilst there is little evidence about what makes MATs work, one of the things that seems key to causing problems is geographic spread. Whilst they could still be near if they cross RSC borders it still indicates an issue to be resolved
There are 41 primary-only trusts with 5 or more schools. Interestingly there are only 2 secondary-only trusts of a similar size. This indicates that the different incentives for creating MATs have had different effects and has caused a minor branching in MAT type. This may create issues moving forward if it is easier to create non-homogenous MATs when starting from different initial phases. This may not actually matter but it is interesting.
There are 82 all-thru schools in trusts. I suspect this may end up being a growing phenomena.
There are 12 Special School only trusts.
There were 3,595 converter academies but now there are only 2,239 academies not linked to a sponsor (even if it is themselves). This suggests that 1,356 converter academies have subsequently joined a MAT. This is many more than I presumed.
That’s it. That’s about all I can suck out of that spreadsheet.
Hope it’s been useful in helping with the understanding of what the academies landscape looks like.
[Edited 10:12 6/4/16 to add note re umbrella trusts]
[Edited 11:32 6/4/16 to add link to Schools Week article]